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Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome

Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome

WHO?
Growing adolescents

WHAT?
Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome is a knee condition affecting growing adolescents. It causes pain at the front of the knee below the patella (knee cap) at the point at which the patella tendon attaches to the tibial tuberosity (on the shin bone). The pain is usually aggravated during weight bearing or physical activity.

WHEN?
Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome may affect both girls and boys and is often associated with a high level of activity. Girls are generally affected by Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome between the ages of 10-11 where-as boys are generally affected between the ages of 13-14.

HOW?
Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome is caused by tightness of the quadriceps (thigh) muscle and patella and quadriceps tendons. Damage at the attachment site is caused by contraction of the quadriceps muscle, tightening the tendon. This causes micro tears in the tendon resulting in pain and inflammation.

MANAGEMENT?
Your Move Forward Physiotherapist will assess your knee and provide you with an individualised treatment plan to assist in your recovery. With the right treatment Osgood-Schlatter Syndrome usually resolves itself in approximately 12 months.

Your treatment may include:

Activity modification
Icing
Stretching
Strengthening
Gradual return to activity

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ACL Injury

ACL Injury

WHO?

High velocity sports players

Footballers

Soccer players

Basketballers

WHAT?

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is an important stabilising structure within the knee joint. Along with the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) it prevents movement of the femur (the thigh bone) and the tibia (the lower leg bone) in relation to one another.

WHEN?

ACL injury most commonly occurs with sudden changes of direction (rotation of the knee with a planted foot), incorrect landing from a height or direct contact.

HOW?

When the ACL is stressed in an inappropriate way a tear may occur. ACL Injury is often accompanied by injury of surrounding knee structures, such as other ligaments or cartilage. After injuring the ACL tendon you may notice immediate swelling, pain and tenderness, inability to fully bend or straighten the knee and difficulty walking.

MANAGEMENT?

Your Alkimos Physiotherapist will firstly assess your knee to confirm and determine the severity of your injury. You may be sent for imaging especially if a complete rupture of the ligament is suspected or multiple structures are affected. In this case, surgery to repair or reconstruct the ligament may be advised.

Whether or not surgery is required, your physiotherapist will provide you with an individualised treatment management plan to guide you rehabilitation. Your treatment may include:

Ice packs

Bracing

Massage

Mobilisation

Stretches

Range of motion exercises

Strengthening exercises

Functional exercises

 

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