- Active/ sporty people; in particular running sports
- Overweight/ Pregnant
- Flat footed (over-pronated feet) or excessively high arches
Plantar Faciitis is an inflammatory condition that is a common cause of pain at the heel of the foot. The plantar fascia is a connective tissue that helps to support the arch of your foot. It runs along the sole your foot from the bottom of your heel bone up to your toes, and is made up of thick collagen fibres.
Inflammation of the plantar fascia can occur from numerous causes, the more common being from overuse and/or poor foot biomechanics. Overuse typically occurs when a person increases there activity levels suddenly, such as suddenly increasing a running program, which can place increase stress on the fibres making up the plantar fascia. Similarly, when a person has poor foot biomechanics or is overweight/ pregnant, the foot can cave inwards resulting on the plantar fascia being overly stretched.
Overuse and poor biomechanics overtime leads to small micro tears occurring along the fibres that make up the plantar fascia. This produces an inflammatory effect resulting in the painful symptoms at the heel and/or underneath the sole of the foot. If the fascia is not allowed to heal, persistent inflammation can result in the formation of heel spurs, which is the development of calcium (bone) within the plantar fascia and on top of the heel bone
Treatment and management of plantar fasciitis is normally quite straightforward. Your physiotherapist at our Move Forward Kinross Physiotherapy clinic will assess the whole lower limb, as well as the hip and low back in order to determine the exact cause of the condition. Once assessed, they will provide you with an individualized treatment management plan to assist in your recovery. Your treatment will include a combination of the following;
• Ice/ Heat
• Brace/ off-load taping
• Soft tissue massage
• Dry needling
• Stretching & strengthening exercises, which can be performed within the gym located at Move Forward Hillarys Physiotherapy
• Activity and exercise modifications to improve lower limb mechanics and posture, which can be performed within our pilates studio at Move Forward Quinns Physiotherapy or Jindalee Physiotherapy